Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The country’s physical geography divides it into three major zones: Pacific lowlands, wet, cooler central highlands, and the Caribbean lowlands. On the Pacific side of the country are the two largest fresh water lakes in Central America – Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua.
Surrounding these lakes and extending to their northwest along the rift valley of the Gulf of Fonseca are fertile lowland plains, with soil highly enriched by ash from nearby volcanoes of the central highlands. Nicaragua’s abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica’s designation as a biodiversity hotspot.
The population of Nicaragua, approximately 6 million, is multiethnic. Its capital, Managua, is the third-largest city in Central America. Segments of the population include indigenous native tribes from the Mosquito Coast, Europeans, Africans, Asians, and people of Middle Eastern origin.
The main language is Spanish, although native tribes on the eastern coast speak their native languages, such as Miskito, Sumo, and Rama, as well as English Creole. The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in art and literature, particularly the latter given the various literary contributions of poets and writers, including Rubén Darío and Ernesto Cardenal.
The biological diversity, warm tropical climate, and active volcanoes make our country an increasingly popular tourist destination.
Why should you study Spanish in Nicaragua ?
- A trip to Nicaragua can be a perfect opportunity to visit other countries of Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Panama)
- Nicaragua is among the top five places in the world for surfing
- Nicaragua produces some of the best cigars, some of the world’s best coffee and some of the finest rums in the world
- Nicaragua has plenty to explore including the gorgeous white-sand beaches of the Pacific Coast, hiking the numerous volcanoes, or strolling down the old colonial streets of Granada
- “Nicaragua has the lowest crime rate in Central America, lower than the United States or Europe” (Lonely Planet)
- “Nicaragua is one of the best value travel destinations.
- “Called “the next Costa Rica,” Nicaragua has many of the attributes visitors find in its southern neighbor but without the crowds, high prices and commercialism” (Yahoo Travel)
- “Most visitors come to this eco-friendly destination for some sort of adventure, whether it’s surfing, hiking on a volcano, or diving with sea turtles” (Business Insider)
- “Nicaragua attracts travelers for its lush rainforest, beautiful white-sand beaches, volcanoes, and rich wildlife” (The Huffington Post)
- Nicaragua is a country of great culture and nature, beautiful beaches, and majestic volcanoes, in which sustainable tourism plays an important role (Mondo)